Recommended Article 9 - Freshwater Rotifers


  • This article gives some brief explanation about type of freshwater rotifers.
  • Rotifers have been divided into four categories which relate to their appearance and habitat preferences rather than to their taxonomic classification.

    • Bdelloid Rotifers - Common in ponds and on mosses, are soft-bodied, and have leech-like movements.
    • Loricate Rotifers - Those having a characteristic hardened or semi-hardened body shell.
    • Planktonic Rotifers - Normally found in the open surface waters of a pond or stream.
    • Sessile Rotifers - Found attatched to submerged plants and rootlets in ponds and streams.
  • Owner of the website also invite any company that relevant to their content to promote knowledege-based product (product that need proper understanding and knowledge for customer).
Details can be found HERE

Recommended Article 8 - Betta Bunkhouse


  • This site give some explaination how they culture their betta.
  • They used Bunkhouse consists of 4 rain gutters with leaf guards each one 10’0” long.
  • Each row holds 27 bunks (beanie baby boxes).
  • Each box holds 1/3 gallon of water.
  • The water flows clockwise.
Details can be found HERE

Recommended Product 4 - QuikSand Delta Advanced Fluidized Bed Filter


  • Fluidized bed filters are rapidly becoming the primary source of biological filtration in many modern aquaculture systems, replacing the less efficient trickle filters now in service.
  • While trickle filters and fluidized beds both rely upon the same species of bacteria for ammonia and nitrite removal, it's how the two filters operate that sets them apart.
  • It's very helpful to remember that in biological filtration, it's actually the bacteria that do the work; the filter itself only provides a suitable "home" for the bacteria to colonize.
  • Trickle filters can best be described as open containers filled with various forms of solid media.
  • As water enters the top of the filter, it drains down through this media in a random, cascading fashion.
  • Since the media is stationary, it relies upon the changing water currents to keep the bacterial surface area moist.
  • Fluidized bed filters, on the other hand, are flooded cylinders or tanks, partially filled with a granular media, such as white quartz.
  • Water upflows through this media bed, causing it to expand and fluidize.
  • The large number of bacteria that colonize this expanded media serve to remove the nutrients that are present in the flowing water.
  • What results is a highly efficient filter bed that is no longer solidly packed, but is in dynamic motion.
  • It is this combination that is the key to our QuikSand Filter's success.
Details can be found HERE

DIY Project 1 - Pond Biofilter


  • Tremendous job by Mr.Pete in building his own biofilter for his own use.
  • He research and build a biological filteration system for the existing pond.
  • The most common biofilter uses various sizes of gravel as the filter media in an out-of-pond box.
  • Many include a prefilter to trap large particles before they reach the biofilter media, extending the time between cleanings of the biofilter.
  • A bottom drain is a common feature for flushing sediment and muck out of the filter.
  • Most filters also provide some means for aerating the water to create an oxygen-rich environment for the bacteria that colonize the media.
Details can be found HERE