Recommended Article 5 - Biology and ecology of Artemia

  • Nauplii of the brine shrimp artemia constitute the most widely used food item.
  • Over 2000 metric tons of dry artemia cysts are marketed worldwide for on-site hatching into 0.4 mm nauplii.
  • Those cysts are available year-round in large quantities along the shorelines of hypersaline lakes, coastal lagoons and solar saltworks scattered over the five continents.
  • After harvesting and processing, cysts are made available in cans as storable ‘on demand’ live feed.
  • Upon some 24-h incubation in seawater, these cysts release free-swimming nauplii that can directly be fed as a nutritious live food source to the larvae of a variety of marine as well as freshwater organisms.
  • Its use as a food for the culture of larval organisms began in the 1930’s.
  • During the 1940’s, most commercially available brine shrimp cysts represented collections from natural saline lakes and coastal saltworks.
  • Early pioneers exploited in 1951 the cyst production of Artemia at the Great Salt Lake in Utah, USA.

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